What Is Ammonium Paratungstate

Ammonium Paratungstate Photo

What is ammonium paratungstate? Ammonium paratungstate is white crystalline of flake or needle shape, it is short for APT.

Chemical formula: H8N2O4W
Molecular Weight: 283.9145
EINECS: 234-364-9
CAS No.: 14311-52-5

According to different crystalline condition, its chemical formula has different forms:
(1)3(NH4)2O•7WO3•6H2O
(2)5(NH4),2•12WO3•5H2O
(3)5(NH4)2O•12WO3•5H2O
(4)5(NH4)2O•12WO3•11H2O

Ammonium paratungstate is usually in forms of pentahydrate and decahydrate:
1.Decahydrate: chemical formula is 5(NH4)2O•12WO3•10H2O, molecular weight is 3222.73. It is produced by evaporate tungstic acid soluble in ammonium solution, has the shape of needle and flake, insoluble in water, soluble in boiled water, lose crystal water in dry air, add in overdosed hydrochloric acid or nitric acid will separate out tungstic acid.
2. Pentahydrate: Chemical formula is 5(NH4)2O•12WO3•5H2O.

Ammonium paratungstate is slightly soluble in water, solubility is less than 2% under 20℃, insoluble in ethanol. Ammonium paratungstate has thermal decomposition property, when heat to 220~280℃, it will lose part of ammonium and crystal water and convert into ammonium metatungstate. When heat to over 600℃, it will lose all of ammonium and crystal water and convert into tungsten trioxide.

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1.Tungsten Trioxide

2.Tungsten Oxide